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CAT6 FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions About Cat6 Cable

Views:1008     Author:Site Editor     Publish Time: 22-08-2019      Origin:Site

What is a Cat 6 cable

Cat 6 (Category 6) is a cable standard used mainly for Ethernet computer networking, security systems, and telephone services.

Cat 6 cable is backward compatible with the Cat 5ECategory 6(Wiki) cable is capable of transmitting voice and data up to 155 Mbps (mega bits per second), with possible transmission frequencies up to 550 MHz.

cat6


Does Cat6 support gigabit

Cat 6 carries Ethernet 10Base-T, 100Base-TX, and 1000Base-T (Gigabit Ethernet) connections. 

Cat 6 cable is backed with more stringent specifications for crosstalk and system noise than earlier cabling standards.


How many pairs of Cat6

Category 6 cables come with four twisted copper wire pairs and each twisted pair is built of larger 23 gauge copper. 

The earlier model, Category 5, used 24 gauge copper wires. In wire gauges, a larger number indicates a smaller wire.


Can I use rj45 for Cat6

Cat 6 cables are generally terminated with RJ-45 electrical connectors. 

The signal path’s performance will be limited to that of the lowest category if components of the various cable standards are intermixed. 


What is the maximum allowable length of a Cat 6 permanent link

The maximum length of one Cat 6 cable segment is 220 meters. 

A repeater needs to be installed to send data over longer distances or data loss may occur.

ETHERNET CABLE MAXIMUM LENGTHS
SPECIFICATION CABLE TYPE MAXIMUM LENGTH
10BaseT Unshielded Twisted Pair 100 metres
10Base2 Thin coaxial cable 180 metres
10Base5 Thick coaxial cable 500 metres
10BaseF Fibre optic cable 2000 metres
100BaseT Unshielded twisted pair 100 metres
100BaseTX Unshielded twisted pair 220 metres



How to make a Cat6 Patch Cable

Installing Cat 6 cable is thought to be more difficult than Cat 5 or Cat 5E. The main reason behind this is that the conductors are twisted more tightly in Cat 6 cables, 

which makes it more difficult to split them apart. Other than this, everything else is essentially the same as installing Cat 5 or Cat 5E cables.

Cable manufacturing companies provide jacks and panels with much sharper teeth so as to help divide the conductors into pairs and complete the Cat 6 installation cables easily. 

However, while installing Cat 6 cables it is advisable to take little more time and perform the installation correctly without damaging one’s fingers.


Step 1

This procedure generally applies to Cat 6 RJ45 connectors.
An alternate method is given for connectors utilizing a "load bar".


Step 2

Cut the cable to the length needed.
If you plan to use snagless boots, this would be a good time to slide them on.
Be sure the boots will be facing "out" towards the connector.


Step 3

Strip back the cable jacket approximately 1 inch.
Use the cutter provided with the crimping tool or strip by hand.
Be careful not to nick the individual wires.
Un-twist each of the 4 pairs and straighten each wire as much as possible between the fingers.

How to make a Cat6 Patch Cablestripping-the-cable


Step 4

Use the 568-B wiring scheme on both ends for a standard patch cable.

rj45-568B-connector


Step 5

Bring all of the wires together as closely as possible.
Hold the grouped (and sorted) wires together tightly between the thumb, and the forefinger.
Cut all of the wires at a perfect 90 degree angle from the cable,
1/2 inch from the end of the cable jacket.
Use a sharp cutting tool so as not to "squash" the wire ends.

inserting-the-cables-into-connectorwire-cutter-precision



Step 6

With the connector pins facing up, carefully insert the wires into the connector.
Apply a moderate amount of force in order to properly seat the wires against the contacts in the connector.

Alternate for "load bar" Type Connectors

A.

Note that the loadbar has slots on one side with a flanged edge on one end.
The sloted side should face the pins inside the connector.
The wires are inserted into the flanged end.

Alternate for load bar Type Connectors 


B.

Hold the grouped (and sorted) wires together tightly, between the thumb, and forefinger.
Cut all of the wires at a sharp angle from the cable.
Use a sharp cutting tool so as not to "squash" the wire ends.

cut-wires-before-loadbar

C.

Hold the load bar so the staggered holes face toward the cable.
Insert the wires through the load bar, one at a time, carefully observing the orientation.
Slide the load bar as far down as possible.

wires-inserted-into-loadbar
D.

Cut off the excess wire ends with a straight cut about 0.25" past the load bar.
With the connector pins facing up, slide the load bar assembly into the connector.
Insure that the wires are firmly seated to the end of the connector.
The brown pair wires should be on the right side.

inserting-loadbar-into-connector


Step 7

Observe the tip of the connector to confirm that all the wires are fully inserted.
The end of each wire you should be in full view.
There should be enough of the cable jacket inside the connector to crimp against.

Tip: Slide the load bar forward as necessary to provide the ideal placement.

wires-inside-connector-topviewwires-inside-connector-front


Step 8

Place the connector into the crimp tool, and squeeze hard so that the handle reaches its full swing.

crimping-the-cable
Step 9

Repeat the process on the other end using the desired wiring scheme.
Be sure to slide the snagless boots snugly over the connectors when finished.


Step 10

Always use a cable tester to check for continuity, opens and shorts.

testing-cable
Step 11

Building patch cables takes practice so keep at it until you master your technique



What ethernet cable for gigabit



ETHERNET CABLE PERFORMANCE SUMMARY
 
CATEGORY SHIELDING MAX TRANSMISSION SPEED (AT 100 METERS) MAX BANDWIDTH
Cat 3 Unshielded 10 Mbps 16 MHz
Cat 5 Unshielded 10/100 Mbps 100 MHz
Cat 5e Unshielded 1000 Mbps / 1 Gbps 100 MHz
Cat 6 Shielded or Unshielded 1000 Mbps / 1 Gbps >250 MHz
Cat 6a Shielded 10000 Mbps / 10 Gbps 500 MHz
Cat 7 Shielded 10000 Mbps / 10 Gbps 600 MHz



Cat6 cable color code


RJ45 Pin # Wire Color
(T568A)
Wire Diagram
(T568A)
10Base-T Signal
100Base-TX Signal
1000Base-T Signal
1 White/Green white/green Transmit+ BI_DA+
2 Green green Transmit- BI_DA-
3 White/Orange white/orange Receive+ BI_DB+
4 Blue blue Unused BI_DC+
5 White/Blue white/blue Unused BI_DC-
6 Orange orange Receive- BI_DB-
7 White/Brown white/brown Unused BI_DD+
8 Brown brown Unused BI_DD-



Are Cat 5e and Cat 6 compatible

Category 6 cable has better specifications than 5 or 5e, enabling it to so support faster data transmission when installed with compatible devices. 

However, Cat 6 cable is backward compatible with previous specifications, and it can be deployed in networks using older hardware without problems.


Is Cat6 shielded

unshielded Cat6 cable provides some resistance to EMI/RFI due to the twisting of the wire pairs. Additionally, running a UTP cable at a 90-degree angle in relation to the source of the interference provides additional protection and minimizes exposure.  With its built-in protection (twisted pairs) and this additional safeguard, UTP Cat6 cabling can provide some protection from EMI/RFI.


If your application requires more protection from electromagnetic interference, shielded Cat6  may be the way to go. Shielding will protect your data from electromagnetic and radio interference, resulting in faster transmission speeds and fewer data errors.  Shielded cable is also better than unshielded cable at protecting from alien crosstalk (AXT).



How to certify Cat6 cable

How to Certify or Re-certify Twisted-Pair Cabling for 10 Gb/s Ethernet

Download PDF



Does a longer ethernet cable slow down

Long cables will increase your latency since the signal has longer to go. 

This shouldn't matter much in the case since the signal propagates near the speed of light, 

the extra 10 meters will be imperceptible compared to the many miles to whatever server are accessing. 

There will be some loss of signal over extremely long runs which will reduce bandwidth but shouldn't be significant over 20 meters, 

100 meters is the point where have to start worrying about the length of the run





 
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